Can washing your face be that complicated?
For some of us, splashing some water on your face, rub in a little cleanser and your done. It is really about knowing your skin and how to cleanse it.
Should you use a cleanser and makeup remover?
Well, cleansers are more for general purposes, they are products that remove excess oil, dirt, residue and light makeup from your face. While makeup removers have more powerful formulas used to remove waterproof makeup. Cleansing your face washes away dirt, dead skin cells, makeup, and impurities that might clog your pores. Properly cleansing you face prevents breakouts and acne. Not only how you wash your face makes a difference but also when, how often and what you use.
Makeup removal is the first step in what’s often referred to as the “double cleansing” process. Double cleansing is a two-step cleansing process in which the first cleanser is designed to thoroughly remove makeup and sunscreen, and the second cleanser is designed to cleanse the skin of dirt and excess sebum, and in some cases, to exfoliate, once makeup has been removed.
Makeup removing cleansers are the first-step cleanser. An oil cleanser is the go-to standard for this step and is highly effective, though sometimes micellar water, a cream cleanser, a multifunction cleanser, or a balm cleanser are used instead.
An oil cleansers are the most common choice for the first-step cleansing of a double-cleanse routine. These cleansers are oil based, but also contain emulsifying ingredients so they rinse away cleanly. Applied to dry skin, the oil breaks down makeup, even the waterproof stuff. Add a little water, and the cleanser turns into a milky lather that rinses away with no greasy residue. You may also use a balm cleanser, which is a solid form of an oil cleanser. If you have dry or sensitive skin you may prefer using a cream cleanser, since they contain moisturizing ingredients and tend to have a slightly acidic pH.
There is also the option of multifunction cleansers that remove makeup and cleanse skin in a single step. They tend to have names that contain the phrase “all-in-one,” “three-in-one,” or “dual action.” They usually start off as a viscous gel, then foam into a lather with water and rinse away, taking your dirt and makeup with it. They are generally effective in terms of removing makeup and dirt. Some may of these cleansers are often harsher and more stripping than other face cleansers, and can leave skin feeling tight and dry after washing. Most multifunction cleansers have a fairly high pH, so they aren’t a great choice for those with sensitive or dehydrated skin.
The goal of your second cleanse is to thoroughly remove any remaining dirt, oil, and residue that may be left behind on your face after you’ve removed your makeup. Second cleansers can take the form of a rich foam, a solid soap, or an exfoliating cleanser. It’s important to select a cleanser with a proper pH. Cleansers with a high pH can disrupt your skin’s slightly acidic, protective barrier and raise your skin’s pH over time, leaving it prone to acne, irritation, dehydration, and sensitivity. People with especially hardy moisture barriers may be able to tolerate a slightly higher pH than others.
Your face should never feel tight or dry after your second cleanse—it should feel clean, soft, and ready for the rest of your skincare routine.